Effects of Yin Yoga and Meditation Intervention on Faculty of Pharmacy and Student Wellbeing

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J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). May 21, 2021: S1544-3191 (21) 00190-4. doi: 10.1016 / j.japh.2021.05.008. Online before printing.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Student pharmacists and faculties are experiencing high levels of stress regardless of the current 2019 coronavirus pandemic, and their path to wellbeing, including reducing stress and anxiety, is paramount. Yoga and meditation are proven interventions to reduce stress and anxiety and increase wellbeing. Yin Yoga is an adaptable, calm practice ideal for those who lack yoga experience, flexibility, and time.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 6 week yin yoga and meditation intervention on the faculty of the Faculty of Pharmacy and stress perception, anxiety levels and mindfulness skills of students.

METHODS: Faculty and students participated in a 6-week pilot program that included a once-weekly yin yoga class followed by guided meditation. Yin Yoga was chosen because of its calm meditative style. After 6 weeks and 3 and 6 months, the participants completed a pre- and questionnaire in order to evaluate possible changes in the perceived stress values, fear values ​​and mindfulness skills. The questionnaire consisted of 3 self-reporting instruments: Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Perceived Stress Scale and the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire.

RESULTS: Twenty participants, 12 students, and 8 faculty (ages 18-66 years) completed the study. Anxiety and stress levels decreased and mindfulness increased after 6 weeks, 3 months and 6 months, with all changes reaching statistical significance. None of the participants stated that they were in the “high” anxiety category after the intervention using the categorical BAI data, although this finding was not statistically significant.

CONCLUSION: Faculty and students showed reductions in stress and anxiety levels and an increase in mindfulness after a 6 week yin yoga and meditation program. The results suggest that including an adaptive, meditative practice that can be easily repeated at home just once a week for 6 weeks can reduce stress and anxiety, and increase mindfulness over the long term. Creating a wellness culture should be a priority for all colleges of pharmacy.

PMID: 34083148 | DOI: 10.1016 / j.japh.2021.05.008

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